Static Code Analysis
What is Static Code Analysis?
Static Code Analysis (also called static analysis or source code analysis) is a way to debug software code before the program is executed. The code is automatically compared to coding rules and industry standards to ensure compliance. Static code analysis occurs in the creation phase, before testing begins.
Static code analysis analyzes the structure of the code, looking for code errors, malicious software, and other security flaws such as back doors. These tools frequently allow developers to hone in on portions of the code that might be problematic, rather than simply finding flaws.
How does Static Coding differ from Dynamic Coding?
The goal of both static coding and dynamic coding is to discover coding errors. The difference is where this discovery takes place. Static coding uncovers errors before testing the software, whereas dynamic coding uncovers errors during the testing phase, including any errors that the static code analysis failed to uncover.
Dynamic code analysis analyzes how code interacts with other components, such as application servers and SQL databases to ensure the code is secure. Most developers choose to implement both kinds of testing to ensure the most robust code.
Benefits of Static Code Analysis
Static code analysis is not 100% accurate and sometimes returns false positives or false negatives. However, it has numerous benefits, including:
Relative accuracy - catch many more errors than by manual analysis
Efficient way to uncover errors
Speed to discover errors
Comprehensiveness of testing
Decreases risk of high impact error after software release
Ability to uncover errors that aren’t usually detected during dynamic testing
Static Code Analysis Features & Capabilities
Most static code analysis software on the market today offers the following features:
Multiple programming language support
Various security and industry standard libraries
Reporting and analytics dashboards
Some offer third party integrations, including Github and Jenkins
Veracode is an application security platform that performs five types of analysis; static analysis, dynamic analysis, software composition analysis, interactive application security testing, and penetration testing. Veracode offers on-demand expertise and aims to help companies fix…
Checkmarx, an Israeli headquartered company with US offices, provides a suite of application security software delivered via the Checkmarx Software Security Platform. Individual modules and capabilities include Checkmarx Static Application Security Testing, Checkmarx Software Composition…
Codacy automates code reviews and monitors code quality on every commit and pull request reporting back the impact of every commit or pull request, issues concerning code style, best practices, security, and many others. It monitors changes in code coverage, code duplication and…
DefenseCode ThunderScan® is a SAST (Static Application Security Testing, WhiteBox Testing) solution for performing deep and extensive security analysis of application source code. ThunderScan® requires almost no user input and can be deployed during or after development with integration…
ShiftLeft in Santa Clara offers NextGen Static Analysis (NG SAST) a code analysis solution, purpose-built to support developer workflows, boasting the speed, accuracy, and comprehensiveness to confidently shift code analysis left by eliminating manual bottlenecks and embracing automation.…
Seerene in Potsdam offers their software analytics platform as a digital boardroom for software management that provides real-time, understandable, objective insights into software development processes and activities for decision makers. This way, the software development gets monitored,…
Kiuwan Code Security, from Idera company Kiuwan, automatically scans code to identify and remediate vulnerabilities. Compliant with the most stringent security standards, such as OWASP and CWE, Kiuwan Code Security covers all important languages and integrates with leading DevOps…
Amazon CodeGuru is a developer tool that provides recommendations for improving code quality and identifying an application’s most expensive lines of code, performing automated code reviews and application performance recommendations. When Amazon CodeGuru Reviewer is enabled on a…