Sauce Labs is a cloud-based platform for automated testing of desktop and mobile applications. It is designed to be instantly scalable, since it is optimized for continuous integration workflows. (The vendor says that when tests are automated and run in parallel on multiple virtual machines acros...
Functional Testing Tools
Best Functional Testing Tools
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Functional Testing Software Overview
What is Functional Testing Software?
Functional testing is a step in product development where software is tested to ensure it conforms to requirements. These functional requirements are generally concerned that a product’s components (e.g. a UI element or similar) simply do what they are meant to when used normally as intended. While relatively limited (by design), functional testing tools are optimal for QA purposes.
With functional testing software, input simulating user behavior can be fed into an application. Its response, the output, can be evaluated against a predetermined requirement. The test result is simply an observation of the output compared to a requirement. The results of a functional test can usually be expressed as a simple “pass” or “fail.” But besides input/output testing, functional testing tools may also support testing overall usability of a system of components against a requirement. A unified functional testing framework provides means of testing individual components, sub-systems, or an entire chain of anticipated user actions and related processes. Functional testing tools may be triggered manually, but to provide quality assurance at speed, advanced functional testing tools provide automated testing.
Types of Functional Testing
Various kinds of functional tests provided or supported by functional testing tools are:
Unit testing of a small unit of code, or a single task within the software code. Unit tests are often automated.
Smoke testing, or alternately sanity testing. This is a preliminary test to uncover severe failures that might make more detailed or advanced process testing impossible.
Interface testing, or the process of testing a product’s graphical user interface to ensure it meets specifications, or that navigation works as designed.
System testing, or testing components working in concert within an integrated system to ensure together they behave in compliance with requirements.
Regression testing, which is designed to uncover new bugs after patches or configuration changes have been made to a system.
Functional testing is distinguished from non-functional testing by its purpose, and by a typical test result. Non-functional testing includes measuring how an application scales or performs under various scenarios (e.g. performance testing), or simply measuring how the app handles realistic or high usage volume (e.g. load testing). Rather than signaling whether or not a functional requirements of a system or sub-system has “passed” or “failed” for QA or compliance purposes, non-functional tests produce results supporting more detailed analyses and comparisons. But while these tests differ, it is not uncommon that test software vendors support all types of software testing within a single test automation tool suite purchased via single license.
Many functional testing tools are available free and open source. These tools are usually purpose built and specific to certain kinds of projects or apps (e.g. for Android apps, etc.). Open source tools may present the best option for small projects and independent developers. Also inexpensive live testing tools are available, some for $20 monthly. But functional test tools providing automation or complex multi-purpose testing are generally priced $250 monthly for short-term subscriptions, or $2000 to $3000 annually per licensed user with volume pricing available. Such high end suites support testing applications across browsers, mobile platforms, APIs, as well as ERP applications, and legacy systems. They also include load and performance testing capabilities, as well as live support. The intended users of advanced test automation suites are larger enterprises.
Functional Testing Products
Listings (1-25 of 52)
TestComplete is a test management and functional, performance testing tool, from SmartBear Software headquartered in Somerville, Massachusetts.
Selenium is open source software for browser automation, primarily used for functional, load, or performance testing of applications.
SoapUI NG Pro is an open source functional and load testing tool, supported by Boston-based developer Smartbear Software.
India-based BrowserStack offers a platform for live, browser-based functional and usability testing of applications.
Unified Functional Testing (UFT, formerly known as HP UFT and before that QuickTest Professional or HP QTP) is a functional and performance testing tool acquired by Micro Focus from Hewlett-Packard Enterprise.
Oracle Application Testing Suite is a comprehensive testing solution, for load, functional and performance testing.
Progress Test Studio aims to be the easiest to use Web Automation tool on the market, widely used by Enterprise QA’s for testing, but easy enough for anyone. The product automates testing for WPF, Silverlight, Web, HTML, Angular, React, KUIB, iOS, Android, Mobile Web, and API’s. Test Studio is ...
Katalon Studio is provided by the vendor as a free and robust automation solution for API, Web and Mobile testing. It is designed to eliminate the complexities of building an automation framework by integrating all necessary test components with built-in keywords and project templates. Katalon St...
Tricentis Tosca is an integrated testing solution. According to the vendor, this solution consists of a unique model-based Test Automation and Test Case Design approach, encompassing risk-based testing, test data management and provisioning, service virtualization, and more.
Worksoft Certify is a business process validation and functional testing automation platform from Worksoft, headquartered in Dallas, Texas with offices in Germany and the UK.
Perfecto Mobile in Woburn, Massachusetts, offers mobile app functional and performance testing.
Tricentis qTest (formerly QASymphony) provides enterprise-level agile testing tools giving businesses visibility and control needed to ensure application quality in fast-paced development environments. Tricentis and QASymphony merged in summer 2018.
CA Application Test, from CA Technologies, is a functional and performance testing tool.
IBM Rational Functional Tester is an automated functional testing tool.
Business Process Testing (formerly HP BPT) is a functional testing framework acquired by Micro Focus from Hewlett Packard Enterprise.
HttpMaster is a development and test tool for REST web services and API applications. HttpMaster can display and validate the most common REST formats; XML, JSON, and HTML and also supports powerful dynamic parameters, response data validation expressions, flexible request chaining, and many othe...
Rapise is a software testing platform that allows users to regression test web, desktop and mobile applications. Some key features include: Playback of Tests, Test Script Editing and Data Driven Testing.
Protractor is an end to end test framework for Angular apps.
Testomato is an automated website testing tool.
Bqurious provides end-to-end testing services. The vendor’s value proposition is that their services blend expertise, experience and efficiency that brings focus to the three things that matter most for users – availability, performance and security. The vendor says their patented Tech...
AscentialTest from Zeenyx Software in Hopkinton, Massachusetts is a functional and performance testing tool.
eggPlant Functional, from UK-headquartered company TestPlant, is a functional testing and test automation platform.
ZAPTEST, from the company of that name (also known as Zap Technologies) in Alpharetta, Georgia, is a functional testing tool for web and mobile applications.
LeanFT (formerly HP LeanFT) is a light-weight functional testing tool, acquired by Micro Focus from Hewlett-Packard Enterprise.